Emperor Tulips – courtesy Journey North Test Gardens
Garland Community Garden becomes one of two gardens in the entire state of Texas to participate in a citizen science project to measure global warming in the northern hemisphere.
On Saturday January 6, 2018, members of Loving Garland Green planted fifty tulip bulbs and joined 237 communities across the Northern Hemisphere who participating in this citizen science experiment to measure global warming. The Garland Community Garden and a garden in Lufkin, Texas are the only two gardens in the state of Texas to participate in this experiment.
Is Global warming real?
There is no argument that our planet has undergone climate change since the beginning of time. It is true, as many of the naysayers to global warming point out: Throughout history the climate of the Earth has changed. For example, in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat. The abrupt end of the last ice age took place about 7,000 years ago. That event marked the beginning of the modern climate era and human civilization. These climate changes can be attributed to very small variations in the orbit of the Earth that change the amount of solar energy planet Earth receives.
However, I join with the overwhelming number of qualified scientists who agree that Global Warming is a fact. The following excerpt from Skeptical Science along with information from NASA scientists sum it up for me:
Authors of seven climate consensus studies — including Naomi Oreskes, Peter Doran, William Anderegg, Bart Verheggen, Ed Maibach, J. Stuart Carlton, and John Cook — co-authored a paper that should settle the expert climate consensus question once and for all. The two key conclusions from the paper are:
1) Depending on exactly how you measure the expert consensus, it’s somewhere between 90% and 100% that agree humans are responsible for climate change, with most of our studies finding 97% consensus among publishing climate scientists.
2) The greater the climate expertise among those surveyed, the higher the consensus on human-caused global warming.
And here are few facts from NASA scientists that seal my concurrence with these scientists:
- The current warming trend is proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia. [ Source: IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, Summary for Policymakers ]
- The heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases was demonstrated and accepted as scientific fact in the mid-19th century. Their ability to affect the transfer of infrared energy through the atmosphere is the scientific basis of many instruments flown by NASA. There is no question that increased levels of greenhouse gases will unequivocally cause the Earth to warm in response.
- Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that the Earth’s climate responds to changes in greenhouse gas levels. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming.[ Source: http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarming/page3.php
Loving Garland Green Plants Tulip Bulbs in the Garland Community Garden—Jane Stroud, President at left; Charles Bevilacqua center and Burgi Bartlett, Board member – Garland Community Garden January 6, 2018
Loving Garland Green Launches its first Citizen Science Project for 2018
January 6, 2018, Loving Garland Green joined hundreds of other people across the northern hemisphere who have planted Red Emperor tulip bulbs in Journey North Test Gardens to monitor seasonal change in a scientific way.
This spring, when the tulips emerge and bloom, Loving Garland Green will report our observations and data that will then be added to a larger body of data from other test gardens to reveal the relationship between climate, geography, and the arrival of spring. Specifically, we will be reporting:
1) the date our garden was planted (January 6, 2018)
We planted this tulip bed according to exact instructions from Journey North:
-raised bed at least 8 inches deep
-plant during first week in January (based on USDA Hardiness zone)
-plant Red Emperor bulbs
-plant 50 bulbs
-plant each bulb 7 inches deep
-space bulbs 4 to 5 inches apart
-put a little bone meal in bottom of hole before planting
-provide protection from critters digging up the bulbs
2) the date the first tulip emerges
3) the date the first tulip blooms
237 of these test gardens have been planted across the northern hemisphere. Garland has one of the two Tulip Test Gardens planted in the state of Texas. Go here to read our reports as they come in: http://www.learner.org/jnorth/maps/tulips_spring2018.html
Garland Texas and the Garland Community Garden in particular, are on this page of the 237 gardens participating in this citizen science project. Loving Garland Green, the official stewards of the Garland Community Garden, participate in many citizen science projects each year. For example in 2017, our organization tagged and released 98 Monarch butterflies to enable research on Monarch migration.
Permaculture Repurpose Principle in Action
We put a mesh to keep rascal squirrels from digging up our bulbs over the top of our cedar-sided raised bed (one of our many ongoing donations that we receive from generous local Garland residents). Jane (our smart retired microbiologist President) repurposed wire coat hangers to hold the mesh in place. Strategically cutting the hanger in three places will result in three clips to hold things in place—such as critter covers and irrigation hose and I’m certain that you can think of more uses. Cut each of the sides of the hanger about a quarter of the way up each of the sides of the hanger. The bends will serve as the hook for two of the clamps. The hook at the top of the hanger will serve as the hook for the third clamp. The longer end of the wire is inserted into the ground to secure the clamp. You can easily with your hand squeeze the hook/clip part to fit the thing you are attaching it to—whether it is the wooden side of a raised bed or an irrigation hose or a wild child or pet.
Burgi Bartlett, Loving Garland Green Board member holds the three clamps that can be made from one ordinary coat hanger – Garland Community Garden – December 6, 2018